The Caribbean Pest Information Network

Pest Alert System

Globalization has resulted in increased trade and movement of people. Given the new trading patterns it is necessary that a plant pest safeguarding system be in place to assist Caribbean countries in the fight against the increased pressure from pest invasion. This is the role and function of the Pest Alert System. In order to prevent and control invasive species, it is necessary to know what the problem is whether arthropod, pathogen, mollusc or weed that threatens to enter the countries of the region and cause severe economic and environmental damage. For many countries, such a threat is quite real, in research institutes of various regions, the impact of pests on the environment is assessed. Several scientific works on this topic were prepared with the help of the

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Most recent interceptions in the Caribbean Sub-region

  1. Raoiella indica Hirst, (Red palm mite)
  2. Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Yellow tea thrips)
  3. Athenia tumida Murray (Small hive beetle)
  4. Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Vector of citrus greening)
  5. Gynaikothrips uzeli Zimmerman (Cuban laural thrips)
  6. Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch (Pigeonpea podfly)
  7. Prodiplosis longifila Gagn (Citrus gall midge)
  8. Cyrtophora citricola Forskl (Tent spider)

Pests of Phytosanitary Significance to the Caribbean Sub-Region


              1. Coleoptera
                • Anoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)
                • Athenia tumida (Small hive beetle)
                • Cylas formicarius (Sweet potato weevil)
                • Heilipus lauri (Avocado seed weevil)
                • Hypothenemus hampei (Coffee berry borer)
                • Minthea rugicollis (Powder post beetle)
                • Sternochetus mangiferae (Mango seed weevil)
                • Trogoderma granarium (Khapra beetle)
              2. Diptera
                • Anastrepha fraterculus (South american fruitfly)
                • Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruitfly)
                • Anastrepha obliqua (West indian fruitfly)
                • Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruitfly)
                • Bactrocera carambolae (Carambola fruitfly)
                • Ceratitis capitata (Medfly)
                • Ceratitis cosyra (Mango fruitfly)
                • Melanagromyza obtusa (Pigeonpea podfly)
                • Prodiplosis longifila (Citrus gall midge)
              3. Hemiptera/Homoptera
                • Aleurodicus dispersus (Coconut whitefly)
                • Aleurodicus cocois (Coconut whitefly)
                • Aleurodicus destructor ( Coconut whitefly)
                • Diaphorina citri (Kuwayama) (Vector of citrus greening)
                • Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pink mealybug)
                • Paracoccus marginatus (Papaya mealybug)
              4. Hymenoptera
                • Acromyrmex octospinosus (Leaf cutting ants)
                • Atta cephalotes (Bachac)
                • Atta insularis (Hormiga cortadora)
                • Atta sexdens (leaf cutting ants)
                • Solenopsis invicta (Red imported fire ant)
                • Apis mellifera (Africanised Honeybee)
                • Bephratelloides cubensis, pomorum (Soursop wasp)
              5. Lepidoptera
                • Hypsipyla grandella (Mahogony shoot borer)
                • Pectinophora gossypiella (Pink boll worm)
                • Stenoma catenifer (Avocado seed moth)
              6. Thysanoptera
                • Chaetanaphothrips signipennis (Banana thrips)
                • Gynaikothrips uzeli (Cuban laural thrips)
                • Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Yellow tea thrips)
                • Thrips palmi (Melon thrips)
              7. Acarina
                • Acarapis woodi (Honeybee tracheal mite)
                • Cyrtophora citricola (Tent spider)
                • Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Broad mite)
                • Raoiella indica (Red palm mite)
                • Varroa destructor (Varroa mite)



              • Belonolaimus longicaudatus (Sting nematode)
              • Bursaphelenchus cocophilus (Red ring nematode)
              • Ditylenchus dipsaci (Stem & bulb nematode)
              • Globodera rostochiensis (Golden nematode)>
              • Radopholus citrophilus (Burrowing nematode)
              • Radopholus similis (Burrowing nematode)


                1. Bacteria
                  • Acidovorax anthurii (Anthurium bacterial spot)
                  • Liberobacter asiaticus (Huanglongbing of citrus; Citrus greening)
                  • Lethal yellowing of Coconut
                  • Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Citrus canker)
                  • Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Cassava bacterial blight)
                2. Fungi
                  • Hemileia vastatrix (Coffee rust)
                  • Mycosphaerella fijiensis (Black sigatoka)
                  • Phytophthora infestans (Potato late blight)
                  • Synchytrium endobioticum (Potato wart disease)
                3. Viruses
                  • African cassava mosaic virus
                  • Avocado sunblotch disease
                  • Citrus tristeza virus
                  • Gemini virus complex
                  • Papaya ringspot
                  • Yam mosaic virus


                • Cassytha americana (Love vine)
                • Echinochloa colona (Jungle grass)
                • Eichhornia crassipes (Water hyacinth)
                • Oryza rufipogon (Red rice)
                • Rottboelliae cochinchinensis (Corn grass)
                • Striga asiatica (Witchweed)